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1. Krallinger M, Valencia A, Hirschman L: Linking genes to literature: text mining, information extraction, and retrieval applications for biology. Genome Biol; 2008;9 Suppl 2:S8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Linking genes to literature: text mining, information extraction, and retrieval applications for biology.
  • Efficient access to information contained in online scientific literature collections is essential for life science research, playing a crucial role from the initial stage of experiment planning to the final interpretation and communication of the results.
  • The biological literature also constitutes the main information source for manual literature curation used by expert-curated databases.
  • Following the increasing popularity of web-based applications for analyzing biological data, new text-mining and information extraction strategies are being implemented.
  • These systems exploit existing regularities in natural language to extract biologically relevant information from electronic texts automatically.
  • The aim of the BioCreative challenge is to promote the development of such tools and to provide insight into their performance.
  • This review presents a general introduction to the main characteristics and applications of currently available text-mining systems for life sciences in terms of the following: the type of biological information demands being addressed; the level of information granularity of both user queries and results; and the features and methods commonly exploited by these applications.
  • The current trend in biomedical text mining points toward an increasing diversification in terms of application types and techniques, together with integration of domain-specific resources such as ontologies.
  • Additional descriptions of some of the systems discussed here are available on the internet http://zope.bioinfo.cnio.es/bionlp_tools/.
  • [MeSH-major] Computational Biology / methods. Databases, Bibliographic. Genes. Information Storage and Retrieval
  • [MeSH-minor] Semantics. Terminology as Topic

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  • [ISSN] 1474-760X
  • [Journal-full-title] Genome biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genome Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 103
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2559992
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2. Garten Y, Coulet A, Altman RB: Recent progress in automatically extracting information from the pharmacogenomic literature. Pharmacogenomics; 2010 Oct;11(10):1467-89
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recent progress in automatically extracting information from the pharmacogenomic literature.
  • The biomedical literature holds our understanding of pharmacogenomics, but it is dispersed across many journals.
  • In order to integrate our knowledge, connect important facts across publications and generate new hypotheses we must organize and encode the contents of the literature.
  • By creating databases of structured pharmocogenomic knowledge, we can make the value of the literature much greater than the sum of the individual reports.
  • We can, for example, generate candidate gene lists or interpret surprising hits in genome-wide association studies.
  • Text mining automatically adds structure to the unstructured knowledge embedded in millions of publications, and recent years have seen a surge in work on biomedical text mining, some specific to pharmacogenomics literature.
  • These methods enable extraction of specific types of information and can also provide answers to general, systemic queries.
  • In this article, we describe the main tasks of text mining in the context of pharmacogenomics, summarize recent applications and anticipate the next phase of text mining applications.

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  • (PMID = 21047206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8042
  • [Journal-full-title] Pharmacogenomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pharmacogenomics
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R24 GM061374; United States / NLM NIH HHS / LM / LM07033; United States / NLM NIH HHS / LM / R01 LM005652; United States / NHGRI NIH HHS / HG / U54 HG004028; United States / NLM NIH HHS / LM / LM05652; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM061374-10S1; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061374-10S1; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM61374; United States / NLM NIH HHS / LM / T15 LM007033; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061374
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS268321; NLM/ PMC3035632
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